26 July 2006

Interlude: the Words of the "Glen Carrig"

NOTE: I have adapted the following notes into a much longer essay on Wikipedia; see the Wikipedia article here.

The novel The Boats of the "Glen Carrig" starts in the middle. We know almost nothing about what happened to the "good ship" Glen Carrig. The subtitle mentions that it sank after striking a rock. We know nothing about the fate of the captain or how many people were lost. The lifeboats have no names. The title and subtitle seem to indicate that the boats are the subjects of the novel, although this conceit is not continued in the text.

There is a narrator. We are not told his name in the text, althouth the subtitle indicates the story is told by "John Winterstraw, Gent." The "Gent." is a hint about the narrator -- he is a man of status. There is a subtle class consciousness that plays itself out in the text, showing up especially in the end of the story, which I won't give away just yet.

His son, James Winterstraw, presumably doesn't get to use the title "Gent.," at least not yet, although in what may be the only deliberate humor in the book, he does give himself a little praise for writing down his father's story "very properly and legibly!"

Interestingly, the narrator is not really the hero of the story -- that honor goes to the bo'sun, who frequently behaves heroically, showing extremes of endurance, ingenuity, and bravery. The narrator greatly admires the bo'sun, although from a social distance. He portrays himself as more quick-witted than most of the crew, and he mentions with pride that his help is specifically requested by the bo'sun. The narrator does get some slight comeuppance, though, when his plan to use a giant bow to shoot a rope from the island to the weed-trapped brig fails [see end note 1], and another crew member comes up with the idea to use a kite instead.

The text is written, as I have mentioned before, in an archaic style. Reading the novel now, you can imagine that we are looking through a spyglass backwards through two lenses: first, it has been about 100 years since Hodgson wrote this novel. And second, Hodgson himself was writing about fictional events that he imagined had happened at least 150 years earlier.

Here are annotations for a few of the archaic terms used in The Boats of the Glen Carrig. I'm not going to go into details about the rigging of sailing ships -- that is only likely to reveal my profound ignorance on the subject, and the exact nature of different sails is not critical to understanding the story. But I think a few terms are worth discussing, and might help the reader see through that spyglass a little more clearly.

Batten: in the context of boat repair, a thin strip of wood.

Biscuit: "ship's biscuit" or "hardtack" is a dense, unleavened bread designed for long storage. They would be very dry, and probably not very easy to chew without soaking in some kind of liquid. Accounts of the flavor vary -- if you were starving to death, ship's biscuit probably tasted pretty good!

Bo'sun: slang form of "boatswain." A sailor in charge of the deck crew and lifeboats. We aren't told, but it seems likely that the captain of the Glen Carrig "went down with the ship" and thus the bo'sun is in charge of the suriving crew and passengers in the boats.

Breaker: in context, a small water cask. Finding fresh water is one of the crew's main concerns.

Brig: a two-masted sailing ship.

Bulkhead: a wall within a ship. Hodgson describes the bulkheads of the ship in the creek as having a "rubbed" appearance after the assault by the strange unnamed creature.

Colza oil: a vegetable oil pressed from a seed of the rutabaga. It is used in oil lamps and for lubricating machinery.

Cut-and-Thrust: the term refers in general to fighting with knives. I'm not entirely clear on just what kind of knife Hodgson was referring to, but it may have been a rapier, a slender sword with a sharp point. I think Hodgson gave the narrator a rapier, a fancy sword which would have required training, as one of the signs that he was of a higher social class than the sailors.

Cutlass: a short, thick sword with a sharp edge. A cutlass required little training to use effectively and, being short and heavy, could be used for fighting in confined spaces such as on board a ship.

Devil-fish: this word has been used to describe several different sea creatures, but in context it seems that Hodgson was referring to a monstrously large octopus. In several places Hodgson describes its movements as "flickering," which makes sound like it is moving with unnatural speed.

Dip: a candle. Hodgson refers to "tallow dips" made from fat.

Fathom: a unit of length, about 1.8 meters or about six feet. The term is now usually used only for water depth, but Hodgson uses it for distance as well.

Flake: In this context, an archaic term for coiling rope.

Fo'cas'le: the forecastle. The forward (Hodgson uses the slang spelling "forrard") part of the ship with the crew's quarters; on ancient vessels these resembled castles.

Frap: A "frappe" (with or without an accent on the e) is a frozen drink or milkshake. The word "frap" seems to be an archaic nautical term roughly synonymous, in this context, with "wrap." Hodgson uses this term to describe the way the strings of the stacked bows are bound together so that the bows can be fired as one.

Futtock: A curved piece of wood that forms the rib of a boat. It seems to have nothing at all to do with a futtock-shroud. It is not a naughty word.

Futtock-shroud: An iron bar used to stabilize a "top," or platform on the top of a lower mast. A "futtock-shroud" is not really a "futtock" nor is it a "shroud." Discuss. Also, a "shroud" is not a shroud, but a collection of rope lines. Confused yet?

Grain: in a list of miscellaneous items removed from the boat, Hodgson mentions "a three-pronged grain without the shaft." I was not immediately able to find a definition for "grain" that makes sense in this context, but I suspect he is referring to some kind of iron grappling hook. If you've got a better idea, please send me a note.

Gunwale: pronunced (and sometimes written) "gunnel," the top edge of the side of a boat.

Jorum: a drinking vessel, or the quantity that it contained. Hodgson uses the term to refer to a quantity of rum given to Job for medicinal purposes -- presumably a large dose.

Keel: the main structural member, running the length of the boat from bow to stern. It is very fortunate that the boat's keel is not damaged by the devil-fish attack, but only some of the boards adjacent to it.
Larboard: the port (left) side of a boat, to someone facing the front (bow).

Lazarette: This is a small compartment below the deck of a ship, used for storage. Hodgson uses this term in many of his sea stories.

Loom: part of the shaft of an oar. Job is injured while struck by the "loom" of an oar, when a devil-fish attacks the boat.

Mantilla: a light lace scarf worn over the head and shoulders. Hodgson uses this word in his dedicatory poem, "Madre Mia," as a metaphor for the effect of age on his mother's appearance.

Oakum: This is loose hemp fiber, hand-picked out of old rope (an extremely labor-intensive process). The loose fiber could then be mixed with pine tar and used as caulking, was stuffed into cracks in wooden boats with specialized tools. The work of "picking oakum" from rope was done in work-houses, prisons, and asylums.

Ordinary Seaman: a sailor with between one and two years of experience at sea. An ordinary seaman would have been expected to do a wide variety of labor-intensive jobs on board a ship.

Sea-anchor: a sea anchor does not anchor a boat to the bottom of the sea, but instead is designed to drag in the current, and helps to stabilize the boat during bad weather and keep the bow pointed into the waves, which minimizes the risk that the boat will be overturned.

Scuttle: a hatchway in the deck, side, or bottom of a ship, with a cover. Hodgson refers to the "leaf" of the scuttle (the covering).

Sennit: A form of braided cord; Hodgson describes "three-yarn sennit" made from old hemp rope found on the island.

Starboard: the right side of a boat, to someone facing the front (bow).

Step (verb): Hodgson describes the crew "stepping" the mast after the storm. This means to literally re-attach the mast, which they had removed and used along with the oars as a sea-anchor.

Stern: the rear of a boat.

Thole: an oarlock. A holder that holds an oar in place for rowing.

Thwart: a seat extending across the inside bottom of a boat. Hodgson several times describes the men as standing on a thwart: they are standing up on the seats to see clearly over the gunwales.

Tithe: in chapter 14 the narrator says that they did not "discover more than the merest tithe of the mysteries which that great continent of weed holds in its silence." Traditionally this term meant the donation of a tenth of one's income to the church; in context it means "a small fraction."

Whaleback: the term refers to a type of boat designed to shed water, but in context Hodgson seems to be referring to some kind of rib-like structure that could be raised up and covered with canvas to protect the lifeboats from rain and water.


[1] The whole notion of firing a rope to a ship and rescuing people aboard by using a chair sliding along the rope may seem unrealistic, but I assure you it is quite possible. The Michigan coast guard at Sleeping Bear Point Lifesaving Station was equipped with a "Breeches Buoy," or a sliding chair, to rescue people from boats within three or four hundred yards from shore, although a "Lyle Gun" instead of a bow was used to fire a projectile carrying the first line, which was carefully pre-coiled in a basket to avoid fouling.

24 July 2006

The Boats of the "Glen Carrig" Chapter 6: The Weed-Choked Sea

Having escaped the great storm, the crew navigates an ocean filled with huge floating masses of seaweed, where rotting ships are trapped forever in the "cemetery of the oceans."

The music for chapter 6 is by Aidan Baker from the album, available at darkwinter.com.

Sound effects are taken from the album Thaw -- Field Recordings from Minnesota, available at wanderingear.com.

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23 July 2006

The Boats of the "Glen Carrig" Chapter 5: The Great Storm

The crew of the boats, having left behind the Land of Lonesomeness, encounters a storm of tremendous power.

Music for chapter 5 is by Cordell Klier, from the album Emmisary, available at darkwinter.com.

Boat sound effects are taken from the album Thaw -- Field Recordings from Minnesota, available at wanderingear.com.

Storm and wind sound effects are taken from the freesound project. The individual files are attributed as follows:

1. By SpeedY (http://freesound.iua.upf.edu/usersViewSingle.php?id=6479): full_thuderstorm.wav (http://freesound.iua.upf.edu/samplesViewSingle.php?id=17055)

2. By jakeharries (http://freesound.iua.upf.edu/usersViewSingle.php?id=373): waves_cave-29-10-05_02.wav (http://freesound.iua.upf.edu/samplesViewSingle.php?id=9316)

3. By medialint (http://freesound.iua.upf.edu/usersViewSingle.php?id=32690): nord_analog_howling_wind_storm.wav (http://freesound.iua.upf.edu/samplesViewSingle.php?id=11863)

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The Boats of the "Glen Carrig" Chapter 4: The Two Faces

The men of the Glen Carrig, lost in the Land of Lonesomeness, finally discover fresh water. But their joy is chilled as they discover the source of the weird crying sound that haunts this cursed place.

The music is by Adaptcore, from the album Sunset After Wind, the track entitled "You Still Remember." This work is available at darkwinter.com.

Sound effects are taken from the album Thaw -- Field Recordings from Minnesota, available at wanderingear.com.

MP3 file

18 July 2006

The Boats of the "Glen Carrig" Chapter 3: The Thing That Made Search

Aboard the derelict vessel, the survivors hunt for potable water and discover disturbing notes left by a former passenger, containing references to a mysterious, threatening creature.

Music for chapter 3 is by Cordell Klier, from the album Emissary. This work is available at darkwinter.com. I used tracks 1-3.

Sound effects are taken from the album Thaw -- Field Recordings from Minnesota, available at wanderingear.com.

The mysterious notes found aboard the derelict vessel were read by Grace Potts.

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The Boats of the "Glen Carrig" Chapter 2: The Ship in the Creek

The survivors follow the stream and come upon a derelict vessel, well-stocked with food. But why was this ship apparently abandoned in great haste, and what is the source of those mysterious sounds in the night?

The music I chose for this chapter is also from The Laurentian Divide. The tracks are called "Oru Skies" and "Leaving Trees."

Sound effects are taken from the album Thaw -- Field Recordings from Minnesota, available at wanderingear.com.

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The Boats of the "Glen Carrig" Chapter 1: The Land of Lonesomeness

The survivors of the Glen Carrig paddle their lifeboats up a creek in search of fresh water, only to find a desolate land haunted by eerie sounds.

Music for chapter 1 is by Samsa, from the album The Laurentian Divide. This work is available from darkwinter.com under the same Creative Commons license as the podcast. The Samsa tracks I chose for this episode are "Glow, Sparkle, Dust," "Edge of Forever," "Leaving Trees," "From the Mountain, and "Channelate."

Sound effects are taken from the album Thaw -- Field Recordings from Minnesota, available at wanderingear.com.

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The Boats of the "Glen Carrig": Introduction to the Project

The Boats of the "Glen Carrig" is novel of 17 chapters. It is relatively short, about 130 pages in length. It isn't Hodgson's most famous work, or his best work, but it was influential, and that influence is felt even today in the work of writers such as China Mieville. The work came out of Hodgson's experiences at sea -- he left home to become a sailor at the age of 13. This may be reflected in Hodgson's decision to begin the work with a touching poem called "Madre Mia" -- "My Mother."

Te novel uses a framing technique in which the author claims to be presenting an old manuscript that he discovered; Hodgson also uses this technique in The House on the Borderland. This allows him to use an archaic style.

The novel is in the form of an adventure and survival story, but we see Hodgson introducing a number of slightly creepy and disturbing elements. This novel can be considered a warm up or finger exercise for the author's later explorations into more overtly supernatural horror such as the Carnacki stories and his nautical ghost stories, and also his supernatural science fiction work such as The Night Land.

Parts of this work have a slow feel, like a trip paddling up a stream in a lifeboat, so rather than edit the text, I have tried to adapt my reading to the material, giving it a kind of ambient feel, and pausing here and there to let the material breathe a bit.

This book was published in 1907, and is now out of copyright. If you would like to read it, you can find the text online from multiple sources, including Project Gutenberg. If you want to read a print edition, I highly recommend picking up volume 1 of the Collected Fiction of William Hope Hodgson. This is part of a very nicely designed five-volume hardcover set published by Night Shade Books, and if you enjoy Hodgson I recommend the whole set. The last volume is due out this year.

I am making this work available under a Creative Commons license. The license I've chosen is Attribution/Non-Commercial/ShareAlike version 2.5 You are allowed to use and distribute this work, and also any derivative works, but you must give me credit. You can use this work and any derivative works only for non-commercial use. If you distribute a derivative work, that work must be licensed using the same Creative Commons license.

For ambience I have chosen to use Creative Commons music and background sound. I don't know for certain yet exactly what music I'll be using for each chapter, so music credits will be included with each chapter, but for the first chapter, I've chosen dark ambient work by Samsa, from the album The Laurentian Divide. This album is available for download at darkwinter.com. I've also chosen to use some water and boat sounds taken from the album Thaw -- Field Recordings from Minnsesota, available at wanderingear.com.

Thank you for listening and I hope you enjoy this project.

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Starting Over

I have removed all the previously available files from this podcast and I'm starting over again with a clean slate. Since then I've gotten some more suitable software tools and learned a few tricks for compressing and mastering audio. The old files don't sound very good by comparison. I may wind up re-mastering some of the older material, but meanwhile I'm starting a new project for the Hodgson novel The Boats of the "Glen Carrig." Check back later, and thank you for listening!

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The Hodgecast Blog is Open for Business

I'm creating a separate blog specific to the Hodgecast. What is the Hodgecast, you ask? My podcast, hosted as part of the Potts House, consisting of readings of work by William Hope Hodgson. (It is possible, or even likely, that I will wind up producing other Potts House podcasts).

Hodgson was a writer of nautical adventure, horror, supernatural, and science fiction stories around 1910. His work is now out of copyright. He was a very prolific writer and was published in some of the highest-paying magazines of the day. Hodgson died tragically in World War 1, at a relatively young age, and is now largely unknown except among fans of early science fiction -- his single best-known work is a novella called The House on the Borderland. One of my goals in recording his work is to help revive interest in his work.

Earlier this year I read and made available a number of Hodgson's stories, including a couple of his Carnacki the Ghost Finder supernatural detective stories. However, I was not really satisified with the sound quality I was getting, so I have started over, and I'm serializing Hodgson's first novel The Boats of the Glen Carrig. (There is some debate about whether this novel was written first, but it was his first novel published).

The sound quality is still not as good as I would like it to be -- I am currently using an inexpensive Logitech USB headset -- but it is about as good as I can get it with the time and money I currently have available to put into the project. I do also have a BLUE Snowball USB microphone, but it is in for repair. When it gets back, if I can get it to yield good results, I may try using it instead. A painfully dull account of my troubles with the Snowball microphone can be found in the archives on my other weblog Geek Like Me Too.

The Boats of the Glen Carrig is a traditional survival and adventure story that is tinged with a little bit of supernatural horror. It is written in a somewhat archaic style, and the prose tends to move very slowly. There is no dialogue. To accentuate the eerie beauty of the prose I have mixed the reading with dark ambient music. The result will not be to everyone's tastes. The episodes are long, and the text is long-winded. But if you are patient, and like melancholy, creepy stories that build very gradually in dramatic tension, you should enjoy this project!